Imagining Islamic Asthetics #31 – Islamic Persian Architecture

For this edition of Imagining Islamic Aesthetics I would like to feature Islamic Persian Architecture. Persian or Iranian Architecture have a wide range of topics, with different uses (religious,civil etc) and different influences (Islamic, Zoroastrian), but I would like to focus the buildings that were influenced by Islamic aesthetics.

The fall of the Persian empire under the advancing Islamic Empire army led to building of religious monuments to serve the troops and subsequently the converts and the  Muslim settlers there. Artistic works and decoration such as mosaic tiles, Muqarnas and the like became tied to this period. The Islamic architecture there were influenced by the former Persians, the Sassanids. Experts believe that the peak of the Persian architecture was between the 13th and 17th century, when many structures from this period still stands even today.

Kharaghan twin towers, Qazvin province, 1067 AD, Iran. Here are the tombs of two Seljukian princes. A devastating earthquake in 2002 severely damaged both towers. Photo by user Zereshk.

 

Author Mardetanha

 

soltaniyeh dome, situated in Soltaniyeh,in the Province of Zanjan, some 240 km to the north-west from Tehran, used to be the capital of Ilkhanid rulers of Persia in the 14th century. Its name translates as “the Imperial”.

 

Author - Marmoulak

 

Jameh Mosque of Ashtarjan, Iran. Blue tiles became typical characteristics of  Persian architecture.

 

 

Author - Phillip Maiwald (Nikopol)

 

The tomb of Saadi (Aramgah-e-saadi) in Shiraz, Iran. Gardens are very common feature in any Persian buildings, as well as accompanying pools and fountains, that reflect the Muslim belief of Paradise.

Modern buildings in Tehran, Iran, showing facade influences of Qajar era architecture on modern high rise buildings.

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